Jean Marie LeClair, from the French Baroque


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Jean Marie LeClair, from the French Baroque, was a great violinist and composer who lived from May 10th 1697 to October 22 1764  who is considered to have founded the French violin School.  He came from a very musical family and had  5 younger siblings  4 who  also became musicians.  His father was an amateur musician and a skilled haberdasher

Being born in Lyon, France, he studied both violin and dancing starting at an early age and was an active performer on both starting at an early age.  At the age of 19 he married a ballerina from the Lyon Opera, Marie – Rose Casthanie, who unfortunately died young in 1728.  He soon became one of the most traveling musicians.  In 1722 he became part of the Teatro Regio of Turin where he’d done lots of his studying and we was one of their premier dancer and ballet masters. In some famous  opera by Giuseppe Maria Orlandini called Semiramide,  Jean Marie LeClair, from the French Baroque, composed three intermizi

In 1723 he moved to Paris where he composed his first sonatas for violin  or flute, and continuo and where his son became a prized  pupil of his. Then in 1724 he returned to Turin and took the role as the lead dancer there.   It was around this time he met Joachim Quantz and  where, with  Giovanni Battista Somis, a student of Corelli, he studied violin techinique,  the results of which was to launch his career as a violinist.  It was Somis who persuaded LeClair that his career could go much farther as a violinist than as a dancer.

 

Around the time his first wife died in 1728 LeClair returned to Paris where the Baroque violin school was just beginning to get established, and wrote his second book of sonatas for violin or flute and basso continuo.   In September  1730 he married his second wife Louise Roussel, a highly talented engraver, who, even after their divorce, went on to publish most of his compositions. In 1734 he composed his  third set of sonatas for violin  or flute with basso continuo and around this time his music was starting to gain popularity due to his unique style an

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